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    Major depression, often referred to as clinical depression, is a severe and pervasive mental health condition that significantly impacts a person’s thoughts, feelings, and daily life. Here’s what typically happens during a major depressive episode:

    1. Intense Sadness: Individuals with major depression experience profound and persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and emptiness. This emotional pain can be overwhelming.
    2. Physical Symptoms: Major depression often brings physical symptoms such as changes in sleep patterns (insomnia or excessive sleeping), appetite disturbances (overeating or loss of appetite), and unexplained aches and pains.
    3. Loss of Interest: People with major depression often lose interest in activities they once enjoyed, including hobbies and social interactions. They may withdraw from friends and family.
    4. Fatigue: There’s a constant feeling of fatigue and low energy, making even simple tasks seem exhausting.
    5. Cognitive Impairment: Concentration and decision-making become difficult, leading to memory problems and indecisiveness.
    6. Negative Thoughts: Negative and self-critical thoughts dominate the mind. Suicidal thoughts can also occur.
    7. Physical and Emotional Distress: This condition can lead to physical and emotional distress, impairing one’s ability to function at work, home, or in social situations.
    8. Duration: To be diagnosed with major depression, these symptoms must persist for at least two weeks, and they cause significant distress and impairment in daily life.

    Major depression is a serious condition, but it is treatable. Psychotherapy, medication, and support from mental health professionals play a crucial role in helping individuals manage and overcome this challenging disorder.

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